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The Evolution of Indian National Flag

Updated: Oct 6, 2022

As India celebrate Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav that is 75 Years of Independence from a despotic and oppressed rule of British. With the Prime Minister's call to celebrate #HarGharTiranga let's know how our Natonal Flag took it's current form and the people behind this evolution.

Sister Nivedita's Flag

The flag devoted to India and the idea of independence was designed and hoisted by Sister Nivedita , a disciple of Swami Vivekananda in 1904. It comprised of a ‘Vajra’ which in vedas is referred amongst the most powerful weapons and ‘BONDE MATORAM’ written on it.

Calcutta Flag

After the sister Nivedita's flag ,the first reiterated is said to be the first tricolour flag, with three strips

  • Blue strip: The topmost strip ,with eight different shaped stars aligned on it.

  • Yellow Strip: At the middle, with Vande Matram written on it.

  • Red Strip: The bottommost strip, with a sun and a crescent shaped moon that symbolized unity in the vision

Early Nationalist Flag

The early nationalist flag was hoisted in an anti-partition rally at Parsee Bagan Square in Calcutta (now Kolkata) .It comprised of-:

  • Green strip: The topmost strip ,with lotuses indicating the eight provinces.

  • Yellow Strip: It bore ‘Vande Mataram’

  • Red Strip : It had a crescent shaped moon on the left and sun on the right.

The flag was designed by Sachindra Prasad Bose and Sukumar Mitra.

Flag used during Home Rule Movement in 1917

This flag corresponds to the strongest wave of rebellions for independence. Hoisted by Sh. Lokmanya Tilak that is Sh. Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Dr. Annie Besant during the Home rule movement .

The flag portrayed ‘Sapthrishi’ ( सप्तऋषि) configuration of stans and alternative arrangement of five red and four green stripes . The flag also comprised a union jack and a crescent moon.

Unofficial Flag 1921

A session of All India Congress Committee at Bezwada (now Vijaywada) a revolutionary/ follower brought a flag with saffron and green stripes to Gandhi ji ,who then proposed to add the white stripe in between with Charkha (spinning wheel) imposed on it

The saffron and green stripes denote the two major communities (based on religious faith) along with the white stripe that lights the other minor groups of people of India with the sprouting peace .

The Charkha denotes the continuous progress of India and its people.

The Indian National Flag- 1947

Now comes the day every Indian had waited for long, the day for which lot of youngsters, old, women and children gave up their dreams and accepted just one dream that is Independent India. India, where everyone lives in harmony and love. Our constitution came into effect on 26 January 1950 which we celebrate as Republic Day.

A rule of oppressors had ended officially on 15th August 1947. The process started quite long back but this date was chosen as the official one.

The tricolor is comprised of three stripes-Saffron , White and Green indicating no religion or communal significance.

The topmost Saffron Stripe: Courage and Strength of the nation The middle, White Stripe: Truth and Peace ,with 24-wheeled Asoka Chakra ( अशोक चक्र )denoting righteousness. The bottommost Green Stripe: Growth ,fertility and auspiciousness of the land of India .

It was designed by Pingali Venkayya and was adopted in this form (also the present form) in the Constituent Assembly held on July 22,1947 and hoisted with utmost respect and joy as the official national flag of Dominion of India on August 15, 1947.

Every Indian feels Goosebumps when this Tiranga rises high, it isn't just a flag but a symbol of emotions and sacrifice that our Forefather laid down their lives for.

Jai hind!

By our Member - Anushka Gupta




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