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Government schemes to curb growing Population in India and need for control in rising births rate.

Updated: Feb 9, 2023

India has been facing a biggest population menace as we now become the most populous country in the world surpassing China. Growing population results in huge capital spending from government on schemes that could be detrimental for any country as then it becomes vote bank and rise in unemployment and disproportionate income levels. Meanwhile let's check what the government of India is doing or has done to keep a control on Population in India.



Some of Promotional activities includes the Saas bahu sammelans, Nayi Pehel Kits, Mobile publicity vans, and advocacy meetings are part of awareness campaigns to increase awareness in high fertility Mission Parivar Vikas districts.


A campaign was launched in 2016 which has a present second phase comprising TV Commercials, posters and hoardings, yearlong Radio show, and a dedicated website on Family Planning was launched in 2017.


Detailed schemes:


  1. Mission ParivarVikas- The Government has launched Mission Parivar Vikas for substantially increasing access to contraceptives and family planning services in 146 high fertility districts with Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 3 and above in seven high focus states. These districts are from the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Assam that itself constitutes 44% of the country’s population.

  2. New Contraceptive Choices- New contraceptives viz. Injectable contraceptive and Centchroman have been added to the existing basket of choices.

  3. Redesigned Contraceptive Packaging - The packaging for OCPs and ECPs has now been improved and redesigned so as to increase the demand for these commodities.

  4. Compensation scheme for sterilization acceptors - Under the scheme the Ministry of housing and familywelfare (MoHFW) provides compensation for loss of wages to the beneficiary and also to the service provider for conducting sterilizations.

  5. Scheme for Home delivery of contraceptives by ASHAs at doorstep of beneficiaries.

  6. Scheme for provision of Pregnancy Testing Kits in the drug kits of ASHAs for use in communities.

  7. Ensuring quality of care in Family Planning services by establishing Quality Assurance Committees in all states and districts.

Further, In order to improve programme implementation, the Government is focusing on:

  • High fertility districts,

  • Giving emphasis on spacing methods,

  • Improvement in quality of services and

  • Intensive monitoring.


The Government of India is signatory to the ICPD declaration of 1994 held in Cairo (International Conference on Population and Development) which unequivocally advocates voluntary informed choice and honouring reproductive rights of couples to decide freely and responsibly the number and spacing of their children and many freedom rights given in the constitution of India are violated if goverment bring any strict measures to deal with population growth.

The above given scemes clearly indicates the grassroot level problem that exist, the biggest among them is the lack of awareness as still it is felt that more children will result in more income for family and support in old age for the parent but with changing times we also need to change our thinking for a more healthy and progressive India.


stay tuned for more.


Data source: MOHFW

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