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India at 75 - Highlights from 1947 to 2022

Updated: Oct 6, 2022

On 15th August 2022, India to celebrate it's 75 years of Independence. Right from the shackles of cruelty of British it has taken a lot to come this far. The journey wasn't smooth and in between there were lot of achievements and many things to be proud of. There are uncountable circumstances and major events which can be seen as a great things to achieve but let's understand the major ones and the ones which really count on and cannot be ignored.

1950 - Constitution of India

It's been a mark in Indian History and politics, the constitution has been a guiding light in times of crisis and India has been lucky to have such well educated and visionary leaders who worked day and night with a thought to build India into progressive and organized state. It laid down the framework that demarcates the fundamental political code, rights, and duties of the government and the citizens.

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1952: India witnessed the first Lok Sabha Election

The First Session of this Lok Sabha commenced on 13th May 1952. Total Lok Sabha seats were 489 and total eligible voters were 17.3 crores. The Indian National Congress (INC) won 364 seats. The 1st Lok Sabha lasted its full tenure of five years and was dissolved on 4th April 1957. Jawaharlal Nehru became the first democratically elected Prime Minister of India.

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1954 - India's Atomic Energy Programme

India launched the Atomic Energy Program, becoming the first nation to do so. In 1974, India conducted “Smiling Buddha”, its first nuclear test, making its place on the list of five nuclear-powered nations. On 11 and 13 May 1998, twenty-four years after Pokhran-I, the Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) conducted five further nuclear tests, dubbed "Pokhran-II", at the Pokhran range. Agni-I was first tested at the Interim Test Range in Chandipur at 7:17 AM on 22 May 1989 and was capable of carrying a conventional payload of 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) or a nuclear warhead.

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1967 - Becoming Self reliant in Food.

Despite being the agricultural country India imported large amount of it's food grains to feed the large population. The Green Revolution made India a self-sufficient nation. Today, India is the largest producer of pulses and the second-largest producer of rice, wheat, and sugarcane globally.

1969 - Space, ISRO and Technology achievements

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was founded on 15th August 1969. The launch of the first sounding rocket from Thumba near Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala on 21 November 1963, marked the beginning of the Indian Space Programme. It inspired millions who ever have dream of space and satellites. It has been big boost to India to send satellites in space which has made us tech savvy now. The TV connections, electricity, ground mapping, Internet and thousands of applications all have been possible at less cost, without depending on other countries due to the ISRO. In 1975, India launched its first space satellite, “Aryabhata”, and never looked back. Rakesh Sharma became the first Indian to go to Space in 1986, and at present, the best indigenous technology-based launch vehicles have been manufactured under the Make in India programme. In 2008, India set a world record of sending 10 satellites in orbit in a single mission through PSLV-C9. We successfully launched satellites like Chandrayaan to the moon and became the first country to reach Mars in our first attempt through Mangalyaan. Now next Gaganyaan is on the cards to be soon next.

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1970 - White Revolution

Operation Flood, launched on 13 January 1970, was the world's largest dairy development program and a landmark project of India's National Dairy Development Board.

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1982 - India to become colorful from Black white TV era

DD became national when it started to telecast national programs in the year 1982. In the same year, color TVs were introduced in the Indian markets. The first color programs were the live telecast of the Independence Day parade on 15th August 1982, followed by the Asian Games being held in Delhi.

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1983: India won the cricket World Cup for the first time

25th June 1983, the Indian Cricket Team created history for the first time by winning the World Cup by defeating West Indies who had won the last two world cup.

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1991: Economic Liberalization

India became 'Mukt' from the License Raj and the LPG reforms were introduced. The immediate factor that triggered India's economic reforms of 1991 was a severe balance of payments crisis that occurred in the same year.

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2010: Education became a fundamental right of children

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act or Right to Education Act (RTE) is an Act of the Indian Parliament that was enacted on August 4, 2009. Under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution the education was made compulsory for the age group 6 - 14.

2022 - India to becomes world's highest growing economy with literacy rate 74.04 per cent, 82.14 for males and 65.46 for females coming from 12% literacy in 1947 when British left.

India got it's first tribal president Smt. Droupadi Murmu. India is worlds second largest populous country claiming for it's permanent seat in the UNSC. We are the world's second in Highest Number of Active-Duty Military Personnel and the Indians are ruling all over the world in the field of Science, Politics and Technology, you just name the country and you will find an Indian there.

In between, India fought wars with both it's neighbors, Pakistan and China. In 1948 Pakistan, 1962 India- China War, 1965 again with Pakistan, 1971 Bangladesh liberation war, 1999 Kargil War.

While back, before India got Independence British PM Winston Churchill has said once that India is just a geographic entity and cannot be an Independent nation as there are 2200 dialects and More than 19500 mother tongues spoken in India: Census data shows. But India has survived, thrived as democracy, progressed and grown into a nation that is now competing with world's leading nations.

Jai Hind !




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